Fritillary 9


Fritillary 9


A pressed specimen of Fritillaria meleagris from the Oxford University Herbaria

Fritillary 9 is the sixth on-line volume of Fritillary. From this page you can download the articles in Fritillary 9 in PDF format .

If, however, you would like a bound paper copy (A4 format, price £6.50) you can still get one by contacting Fritillary Orders. If you want to assemble your own booklet of the complete Fritillary 9, we have provided a PDF version of the cover for you. The papers all appear here in the correct order.


  1. Cover
  2. Editorial
    F H Watkins and D Lewis
  3. Introduction
    M. H. Abel
  4. Surveys of Pyramidal and other orchids on roadside verges around Hinksey Hill Interchange, Oxford, 2012 – 2020
    M. Bloom
    published online November 2020
    Michael Bloom, a member of the Abingdon Naturalists Society, presents a thorough and detailed report on the orchid displays around the Hinksey Hill Interchange which have given pleasure to bus passengers travelling to and from Oxford and to passing motorists.
  5. Seventy eight insect species reared from fungi in an ancient, semi-natural beech woodland in the Chilterns
    R. Fortey and P. J. Chandler
    published online February 2021
    Seventy eight species of non-coleopteran fungivorous insects were raised from fungi collected from an ancient, semi-natural beech wood in the southern Chiltern Hills near Henley. This allows matching the host fungus with the insect species that develop from them. Although many fungivorous insects are polyphagous, others are not, and we have identified food sources for a number of flies that have been known for many years as adults without determining the fungi from which they develop. These include: Exechiopsis leptura, raised from Botryobasidium aureum; Mycetophila autumnalis raised from the bracket Postia; M. lamellata from Ceriporiopsis; M. unipunctata from the resupinate Physisporinus; Tarnania nemoralis from Clitocybe, and Lasiomma seminitidum from rotting Meripilus giganteus. M. unipunctata had been known for more than 200 years without a host being identified. A brief discussion is given of conservation issues around fungivorous insects, in recognition of their importance in the woodland ecosystem.
  6. Is the population of ancient trees at Burnham Beeches sustainable?
    H. J. Read and V. Bengtsson
    published online May 2021
    Burnham Beeches is designated as a nature reserve of European importance because of the ancient pollarded trees and their associated saproxylic species. Historical and recent surveys of the numbers of pollards have been used to calculate mortality rates and produce maps to indicate changes in live tree density over time. While the rate of loss has declined in recent years, likely due to intensive work on the trees, it is evident that fragmentation of the population is occurring as well as an overall decline in numbers. The consequences of this are discussed and some suggestions made for how to mitigate for the tree loss. The area of Burnham Beeches supporting the ancient pollards is relatively small. It would be beneficial to improve the management of adjacent areas in different ownership in order to buffer the nature reserve and provide suitable habitat for saproxylic species in the long term, given that saproxylic beetles in particular are, according to Cálix et al. (2018), the most threatened species group in Europe.
  7. Four millipede species (Diplopoda) new to the fauna of Oxfordshire
    S. Gregory
    published online September 2021
    The millipedes of Oxfordshire are well documented with 37 species recorded up to the late-1990s, but subsequent recording has been very sparse. Since 2013 four species of millipede have been discovered new to the county: Anamastigona pulchella (Silvestri), Melogona gallica (Latzel), Ophyiulus germanicus (Verhoeff), and Leptoiulus belgicus (Latzel). An account of the discovery of each species in the county, a guide to their identification and their current status in Britain is outlined. Melogona gallica is probably a long over-looked native millipede that is genuinely scarce in the county. The other three are likely to be recent introductions into the county and are expected to become more abundant, especially in light of predicted climate change. Additional millipede species may await discovery Oxfordshire, but the options are limited.
  8. The Slime Moulds of Oxfordshire
    B. Ing
    published online November 2021
    Slime moulds have long puzzled naturalists as to whether they were animals, plants or fungi. They have been called Mycetozoa, or fungus-animals, and Myxomycetes, or slime fungi. We now accept that they are not slimy, are not fungi, animals or plants, but are, in fact, related to amoeboid protozoans.
  9. Fungus Survey of Oxfordshire, history and progress
    F. M. Dewey and W. C. MacEachrane
    published online February 2023
    The History of the Fungus Survey of Oxfordshire (FSO) is presented. The number and frequency of sites surveyed plus records of species found for the first time in both the UK and Oxfordshire are given. Descriptions of some of the interesting fungi found in the county are described and illustrated with pen and ink sketches, water colour paintings and photographs by members. The Biodiversity study of Blenheim High Park is covered briefly. There is a general lack of public awareness of fungi which the FSO has sought to address, for example through the celebration of UK Fungus Day at the University Arboretum at Nuneham Courtenay. Please note that Oxfordshire refers to the current county of Oxfordshire and not the pre-1974 county which excluded the Vale of the White Horse.